Scientific Theory

List of major Scientific Theories:

  1. Heliocentrism: Copernicus, 1543
  2. Evolution by natural selection: Charles Darwin, 1859
  3. The Special theory of relativity: Albert Einstein, 1905
  4. General relativity: Einstein, 1915
  5. Modern atomic theory: Neils Bohr, 1913
  6. Quantum theory: Max Planck, Einstein, Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, Erwin Schrödinger, Max Born, Paul Dirac, 1900–1926
  7. The Big Bang theory, 20th century
  8. Statistical mechanics: James Clerk Maxwell, Ludwig Boltzmann, J. Willard Gibbs, late 19th century
  9. Theory of radioactivity:  Henri Becquerel, Ernest Rutherford, Paul Villard, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, late 19th century
  10. Information theory: Claude Shannon, 1948
  11. Game theory: John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern, 1944 (with important expansions from John Nash in the 1950s)
  12. Plate tectonics: Alfred Wegener, 1912; J. Tuzo Wilson, 1960s